When Jared Graves and Richie Rude confirmed to us last year that they’d tested positive for the banned substances higenamine and oxilofrine, they suggested it came from a supplement—but were advised by their lawyer not to specify which supplement until the case was resolved. Many readers pointed the finger at Jared & Richie’s supplement sponsor, Ryno Power, who denied any responsibility.
After our initial story broke, we continued digging. An ingredient called synephrine was removed from Ryno Power’s Gladiator pre-workout a few years ago, which is noteworthy because synephrine is related to methylsynephrine, AKA oxilofrine. Could synephrine somehow cause a positive test for methylsynephrine? Several experts have suggested to us that’s not possible: they’re distinctly different compounds, act in different ways, and there’s no documentation to suggest that the synephrine can become methylated within your body.
What about simple human error though? With such similar names, could the ingredients have been mislabeled or substituted? We reached out to Ryno Power Founder Ryan McCarthy for some answers.
Note: Ryno Power is an advertiser with Pinkbike. The interview has been edited for clarity.
Hey Ryan, the riders were advised not to say where they think the substances came from publicly, so let’s cut to the chase on that. Have either of the banned substances, oxilofrine or higenamine, ever been ingredients in any of your products?
McCarthy: No. Neither of those have ever been anywhere near any Ryno Power product.
If not from your products, do you know what caused Jared and Richie to have banned substances in their systems?
McCarthy: So from what I understand, there’s an over-the-counter drink that they bought and it listed it as an ingredient in that drink. And they had been known to drink that drink from time to time.
Is the drink Alphamine?
McCarthy: Yes, I thought that was the name of the drink that Jared was taking, the one with the pictures of him in Vital.
Ed. Note: Ryan is referring to photos that came out from the 2016 Vital MTB photo set in Chile with Graves taking a supplement called Alphamine, from another supplement brand. It did contain one of the banned substances, higenamine. There’s nothing that suggests Richie was also using Alphamine.
Higenamine wasn’t specifically named as a banned substance by WADA at the time, but it is a beta 2 agonist, which were (and still are) banned. If Jared continued to use it knowingly or unknowingly then that could have been the source of one of the banned substances.
Does Ryno Power have agreements with athletes that they don’t take other brands’ supplements? Is that a concern for you?
McCarthy: Our agreements with the athletes tend to vary, for instance, when we have an athlete like Jared Graves or Richie Rude and they have an existing energy drink sponsor. We have a ton of respect for Red Bull, we have a ton of respect for Monster, and a ton of respect for Rockstar. These are the companies that are helping these guys buy new homes and buy new cars and allowing their wives to stay home with the kids. So when that comes around, we definitely yield to the energy drink sponsors. We realize they’re paying the big salaries and that these guys are gonna have to drink that from time to time, you’re gonna have to hold that up on the podium.
I look at Aaron Gwin and I look at Amaury Pierron and I look at Myriam Nicole. We’ve literally won almost every single downhill championship in the last five to six years. Imagine how many times those guys have been tested. Those guys are taking exclusively Ryno Power products. They weren’t taking anything else, and they’ve passed every single test.
Furthermore, you have the motocross athletes that we sponsor, like Cooper Webb, and Aaron Plessinger, and Colt Nichols, and Justin Cooper, and Adam Cianciarulo, and Austin Forkner, and all of these guys who are passing drug test after drug test after drug test while using Ryno Power on a daily basis. And then Richie Rude and Jared Graves [tested positive] and people somehow think that Ryno Power made a mistake. We don’t make mistakes.
Let’s jump back a little bit, have you guys done any internal testing or reviews since our original report was published?
McCarthy: We followed up with our manufacturing facility and we reminded them of the magnitude of their responsibility to follow all of the guidelines that they are required to follow, not just from Ryno Power, but from the NSF. Ryno Power chose early on, 2012, that we were only going to use NSF-certified GMP facilities, and what that means is that the biggest, scariest sanctioning body, the NSF, you pay them to come into your manufacturing facility two times a year, and turn your whole world upside-down, go through every single paper, and every single file, and make sure every single batch that you made followed all the rules of the NSF. That includes the identity testing, the micros testing, the label testing, all of these things along the way, which are the way I can sit here with you right now and guarantee unequivocally that there’s no way banned substances have ever been in Ryno Power.
Have any cycling officials approached Ryno Power about testing your product in relation to the case?
McCarthy: No, none have approached us.
The original formulation of your Gladiator pre-workout listed synephrine, which is related to the methylsynephrine that they tested positive for. Is it possible that somebody got mixed up along the line and used this synthetic, methylated version of synephrine instead of the citrus-derived version, and the label was just wrong?
McCarthy: No, that’s literally impossible. We do what’s called identity testing on every single ingredient, so even on that very original batch when we first released Gladiator, all the ingredients get shipped to the facility, and then they come with their own certificate of analysis saying it is what it is, it’s this color, it’s this odor, blah, blah, blah. Then they send it out to a reputable third party and they do a couple different tests on it. They do identity testing to make sure that is what they say it is. They do micros, which is like testing it for salmonella or E. coli.
All raw materials are coded, so they’re followed all the way down the line, they know what is what. Then they go back and do micro and identity markers to confirm the input. So to accidentally use one version instead of another is impossible.
What lead to the decision to remove synephrine?
At the time we launched Gladiator, synephrine was not even on the watch list by WADA. Immediately upon seeing it on the watch list, the very next batch, and we produce this stuff almost every three months, it was taken out.
Jared and Richie weren’t Ryno Power athletes when we did the first batch. They came on probably around batch number 11 or 12, so we were already ten batches past the batch that ever had synephrine in it. And as far as I understand, there’s no possible way for synephrine to become methylsynephrine, but I have to refer to my formulator to answer that scientifically.
So the only way anyone could have gotten the version of Gladiator with synephrine in the last year or two would have been buying old stock from a retailer. Would they be buying product off the shelf anyway?
McCarthy: No. These guys get whatever they need from us.
Gladiator was the supplement that Jared was taking?
McCarthy: Well, Jared uses our protein, our hydration fuel, he uses our electrolyte pills, our recovery pills, and our Gladiator Pre-Workout.
Without doing the full marketing presentation, what would I notice if I took Gladiator before I dropped in?
McCarthy: So one that people would typically want to question would be the pre-workout, but I’ll get to that one last. The hydration fuel and the protein, the recovery capsules, the electrolyte capsules, all of those products are almost 100% about the nutrition aspect, getting the right carbs, the right minerals, the right sodium in your body at the right time.
Then with the pre-workout, we use the same mentality, using pure, long-used, and proven ingredients, combining them in a way that it works really well. The Gladiator would be the item that people would look at, probably a critical piece of someone’s performance, because of the two different kinds of caffeine, beta-alanine, and taurine, a lot of ingredients that are found in common energy drinks. But when you put them together in the right mix, they perform really well.
The first thing that you would notice would be, you’d feel your eyes open a little, you’d feel like you’re really getting focused, like you’re getting in the zone. You would feel like you are super-motivated, like you wanna get off the couch, and you wanna get going. And you’d have a really great level of energy and then when you’re in, and once you get to the gym you would feel like you hit your second wind right away, and then you’d power through a pretty nice workout. That’s a combination of really good ingredients all working together.
What you’re describing sounds beneficial for enduro racing. Do you think a lot of gravity mountain bike athletes are taking pre-workouts before they drop in?
McCarthy: Yeah. I mean, because I sponsor about half of ’em. I think at that level, the same concept of buying the best tires or buying the best chain or the best rims or having the lightest frame.
Can athletes perform at that pro level without taking supplements?
McCarthy: That would be like asking if Aaron Gwin could win on a Huffy… I don’t know. Gwin trains super hard, Amaury trains super hard. These guys are amazing athletes, it’s not just Ryno Power, it’s their diet, it’s their trainers, it’s the level of commitment that they’re willing to make to their sport. Aaron, for instance, I’ve known him since 2010, he’s so dedicated and so committed to what he does, it’s just amazing. So there’s a lot of things that go into them being successful, not just the supplements.
But I think at this level, in this day and age, if you’re not using a supplement like Ryno Power, then you’re going to not be as good as the guy who’s lining up next to you or who’s coming on the next run after you.
In the reaction to the original story, a number of people suggested that athletes shouldn’t be taking any supplements in order to safeguard their careers. Whether it’s tainted supplements, or missing fine print, or missing a rule update, it seems risky. What would you say to that?
McCarthy: I would totally understand why they might initially think that way. But I would say that there’s a big difference between a company making some random drink on a shelf, that doesn’t care if you’re gonna use a supplement, you know?
There’s a couple of my competitors that I really respect, Skratch Labs, Hammer Nutrition, you know… When you’re at the level of those companies and Ryno Power, you don’t have any benefit to breaking rules. We spend a lot of money to make sure we follow the rules. You just put the best products you can out.
So I would tell people to stay away from supplements that you never heard of or that just burst on the scene, but when a company has been around for 10 years and passed hundreds of WADA tests, through countless athletes, at that point I think you can trust if you wanna use it, it’ll help your performance.
In all of this Jared Graves continues to fight cancer, and we wish him all the best in a battle that’s infinitely more important than bike racing.
• An Update on Richie Rude & Jared Graves’ Failed EWS Drug Test (March 12, 2019)
• Exclusive: Richie Rude & Jared Graves Failed Drug Test at EWS France
• Higenamine & Oxilofrine: What Are the Banned Substances that Jared Graves & Richie Rude Tested Positive For?
• Interview: Jared Graves Comments on Failed Drug Test
• Interview: Richie Rude Comments on Failed Drug Test
Google accused of selling ads for unproven health supplements – Becker's Hospital Review
Google has been accused of selling advertisements to companies that offer unapproved dementia and Alzheimer’s treatments, according to The Times, a U.K.-based publication.
The search engine giant reportedly sold ads for retailers showcasing unproven medical treatments under search teams such as “Alzheimer’s pills” and “dementia supplements,” The Times reports. Google has since stopped selling ads under Alzheimer pills and dementia supplements search terms, according to the report.
A spokesperson for Google told the Daily Mail: “We have strict policies that govern the kinds of ads we allow on our platform, and ads for products that offer ‘miracle cures’ for medical ailments are a violation of those policies. When we find ads that violate our policies, we remove them.”
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Dietary Supplements Market To Reach USD 210.3 Billion By 2026 | Reports And Data – GlobeNewswire
Preventive health care, new product launches, increasing strategic developments such as partnerships and agreements, favorable research funding scenario, and new product development pressure on nutraceutical companies are key factors contributing to high CAGR of dietary supplements during forecast period
Market Size – USD 124.8 Billion in 2018, Market Growth – CAGR of 6.4%, Market Trends – New product launches and preventive health management by consumers
NEW YORK, March 25, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — According to the current analysis of Reports and Data, the global Dietary Supplements Market was valued at USD 124.8 Billion in 2018 and is expected to reach USD 210.3 Billion by year 2026, at a CAGR of 6.4%. Dietary supplements are products intended to supplement the diet that contains one or more of the following dietary ingredients: vitamins, minerals, protein & amino acids, herbs or other botanical ingredients. Nutrition supplements can be taken in various forms such as in the form of pills, capsules, tablets, powder or in the form of liquids.
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The growth exhibited by the global dietary supplements market is a result of various factors such as the developing economies and subsequently increasing income of consumers, rising awareness about nutrition, hectic lifestyle, increasing geriatric population, and spread of chronic ailments. With an increase in the aging populations in the high-income economies such as the U.S., the U.K., Germany, and Japan, more and more people are looking for preventive healthcare management, thereby keeping diseases at bay. Good health is not just a goal for the consumers; it has become a lifestyle choice for them. Apart from this, massive impact of mass media communications & advertisement witnessed in the pharmaceutical & retail sectors is expected to generate lucrative demands for the industry. In addition, factors such as self-medication in cases of minor health issues, cost-effectiveness, and convenience of direct purchase are anticipated to drive the adoption and acceptance of dietary supplements over the forecast period. Strong growth in sports nutrition segment, increased use of supplements for weight reduction, and increasing E-Commerce sales are also driving this market.
However, stringent regulations regarding the definition of supplements and their usage, product recalls, and availability of generic alternatives are the major hindrance for the market growth during 2019-2026.
To identify the key trends in the industry, click on the link below: https://www.reportsanddata.com/report-detail/dietary-supplements-market
Further key findings from the report suggest
- Dietary supplements market in North America was the largest with a share of 2% in 2018. The market here is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.7% during the forecast period.
- In 2018, the U.S. supplement market sales grew to USD 42.6 billion, at a CAGR of 5.3% during the forecast period.
- Asia Pacific Market is expected to grow at the highest CAGR of 9.2% during the forecast period. Increasing disposable incomes in developing nations such China, and India is likely to propel the market growth.
- The Chinese market for dietary supplements was USD 21.3 billion 2018. China is the second largest consumer of dietary supplements after the USA.
- By ingredient type, vitamin supplements market was the largest segment in 2018, growing at a CAGR of 5.5% during 2019–2026.
- Under the application segment, the sports supplement sector is expected to grow at the highest CAGR of 8.4% during 2019–2026.
- By distribution channel, the online sector is projected to grow at the fastest rate during the forecast period.
- Due to increasing costs of healthcare, people are turning towards dietary supplements to help them stay healthy.
- These supplements provide various health benefits such as strengthening the immune system, protection from cold and flu, prevention of migraine headaches, treat of arthritis, rheumatic diseases, allergies, lower cholesterol, triglyceride levels and blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, and cognitive diseases at lower costs.
- Dietary supplementary sales for children are expected to rise during the forecast period. It was observed that Chinese parents were willing to spend relatively large amounts of money on the health of their children in relation to family income.
- Key participants include Abbott Laboratories, Carlyle Group, GlaxoSmithKline, Amway, Bayer, Glanbia Nutritionals, Herbalife International, ADM, Pfizer, and DuPont
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For the purpose of this report, Reports and Data has segmented the dietary supplements market on the basis of ingredient, product, application, distribution channel, and region:
Ingredient (Revenue, USD Million; 2016–2026)
- Protein & Amino acids
Product (Revenue, USD Million; 2016–2026)
- Soft gels
- Gel caps
Application (Revenue, USD Million; 2016–2026)
- Additional Supplements
- Medicinal Supplements
- Sports Supplements
Distribution channel (Revenue, USD Million; 2016–2026)
- Hospital Pharmacies & Drug Stores
- Clinic Supermarkets & Hypermarkets
Regional Outlook (Revenue in USD Million; 2016–2026)
- North America
- Rest of the Europe
- Asia Pacific
- Rest of Asia-Pacific
- Middle East & Africa
- Latin America
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About Reports and Data
Reports and Data is a market research and consulting company that provides syndicated research reports, customized research reports, and consulting services. Our solutions purely focus on your purpose to locate, target and analyze consumer behavior shifts across demographics, across industries and help client’s make a smarter business decision. We offer market intelligence studies ensuring relevant and fact-based research across a multiple industries including Healthcare, Technology, Chemicals, Power, and Energy. We consistently update our research offerings to ensure our clients are aware about the latest trends existent in the market. Reports and Data has a strong base of experienced analysts from varied areas of expertise.
Best supplements: The vitamin supplement everyone should consider taking – Express
There is a wide range of vitamin supplements on the market, but do you really need to include them in your diet? According to health experts, most people should get all the vitamins they need through a healthy, balanced diet, eliminating the need to take additional supplements. If you have a deficiency in a particular vitamin, however, you may need to take supplements in order to get adequate amounts. Despite this, experts do advise people take supplements for one particular vitamin, because most people will be at risk of becoming deficient in it during the autumn and winter months. This vitamin is vitamin D.
Vitamin D helps regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body – nutrients which are needed to keep bones, teeth and muscles healthy.
A lack of vitamin D can lead to a deficiency, which can cause bone deformities and bone pain.
The main source of vitamin D is sunlight, which provides enough of the vitamin for most people in the UK in the spring and summer.
The body creates vitamin D from direct sunlight, when the sun shines on the skin when outdoors.
However, in the autumn and winter, there is not enough sunlight for most people in the UK to get adequate levels of the essential vitamin.
Vitamin D is found in some foods, such as oily fish, red meat, liver, egg yolks and fortified foods.
However, the vitamin D found in food is not usually enough to get the recommended 10 micrograms per day.
For this reason, the UK Department of Health recommends everyone consider taking a vitamin D supplement during the colder months.
If you choose to take vitamin D supplements, 10 micrograms a day will be enough for most people.
Don’t take more than 100 micrograms of vitamin D a day as it could be harmful.
“Taking too many vitamin D supplements over a long period of time can cause too much calcium to build up in the body,” warned the NHS.
“This can weaken the bones and damage the kidneys and the heart.”
People who don’t get out in the sun much in the spring and summer may wish to take vitamin D supplements all year round.
This includes people who are housebound, live in care homes or who just don’t go outside much.
It also includes people who usually wear clothes that cover up most of the skin when outdoors, as this prevents the skin from being able to absorb the vitamin.
In addition, people with dark skin from African, African-Caribbean and south Asian backgrounds may also not get enough vitamin D from sunlight and may too wish to consider taking supplements all year round.
- Commentary: National Nutrition Month pointers for healthy eating – Delaware State News
- Google accused of selling ads for unproven health supplements – Becker's Hospital Review
- What's in your pantry? An in-depth look at healthy eating – BYU-I Scroll
- Dietary Supplements Market To Reach USD 210.3 Billion By 2026 | Reports And Data – GlobeNewswire
- More evidence links weight gain to meal times – Medical News Today
Commentary: National Nutrition Month pointers for healthy eating – Delaware State News
Google accused of selling ads for unproven health supplements – Becker's Hospital Review
What's in your pantry? An in-depth look at healthy eating – BYU-I Scroll
Dietary Supplements Market To Reach USD 210.3 Billion By 2026 | Reports And Data – GlobeNewswire
More evidence links weight gain to meal times – Medical News Today
5 tips for self-insurers to up their population health management game – BenefitsPro
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